For 13 days in october 1962, president john f kennedy faced the task of avoiding armageddon american reconnaissance planes had just detected soviet missiles in san cristóbal, a city in western. In 1963, jfk ordered a complete withdrawal from vietnam president and mrs kennedy arrive at love field, dallas, texas on november 22, 1963 photograph by cecil stoughton , white house, in the john f kennedy presidential library and museum, boston. In october 1962, aerial photographs showed soviet missile sites in cuba the missile program, if allowed to continue, could reach most of the united states with nuclear warheads kennedy’s first inclination was an air strike to take out the missiles his top advisors debated alternatives from bombing and invasion to blockade and negotiation.
The cuban missile crisis, october 1962 the cuban missile crisis of october 1962 was a direct and dangerous confrontation between the united states and the soviet union during the cold war and was the moment when the two superpowers came closest to nuclear conflict. Bruce riedel provides new perspective and insights over kennedy’s forgotten crisis in the most dangerous days of the cold war the cuban missile crisis defined the presidency of john f kennedy. The presidency of john f kennedy began on january 20, 1961, when john f kennedy was inaugurated as the 35th president of the united states, and ended on november 22, 1963, upon his assassination and death, a span of 2 years, 306 days.
Return to october 26 telegram of president kennedy's reply to chairman khrushchev's letter of october 26, 1962 washington, october 27, 1962, 8:05 pm. Late in the evening on october 18, 1962, attorney general robert kennedy squeezes into the front seat of his car with him is the cia director, the chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, and a. Handwritten note made by robert kennedy on october 16, 1962 listing the hawks and the doves during the cuban missile crisis this note handwritten by robert kennedy on october 16, 1962 lists the initial split between the excomm advisors to president kennedy on the action that should be taken against the soviet union and cuba. In late september 1962, us spy planes flying over cuba discovered the presence of soviet-made medium-range nuclear missiles on the island the result, played out through the month of october, was the most serious foreign policy crisis of the kennedy white house-indeed, probably the most serious foreign policy crisis in the history of the cold war.
On 28 october 1962, khrushchev agreed to president kennedy's proposal and assured the world that the soviet union would begin removal of the missiles on 30 october unlike the bay of pigs fiasco, the cuban missile crisis demonstrated jack's political acumen and ability to negotiate. The presidency of john f kennedy began on january 20, 1961, when kennedy was inaugurated as the 35th president of the united states, and ended on november 22, 1963, upon his assassination and death, a span of 1,036 days. Obsolete by the time of the cuban missile crisis the mig-21, on the other hand, represented the state of the art in soviet aircraft design, and was still being used as late as the 1980s. Following the peaceful resolution of the cuban missile crisis in october 1962, president kennedy and premier khrushchev sought to reduce tensions between their two nations both leaders realized they had come dangerously close to nuclear war.
President john f kennedy's speech announcing the quarantine against cuba, october 22, 1962 washington, october 22, 1962 good evening my fellow citizens: this government, as promised, has maintained the closest surveillance of the soviet military buildup on the island of cuba within the past week, unmistakable evidence has established the. The cuban missile crisis of october 1962 brought the world close to a nuclear confrontation between the united states and the soviet union the political positions adopted by both sides nearly prevented a resolution, but at the last moment, a compromise was found and nuclear war averted. The cuban missile crisis was precipitated by a soviet attempt in october 1962 to install medium-range and intermediate-range nuclear-armed ballistic missiles in cuba that were capable of hitting a large portion of the united states.
President john kennedy reports personally to the nation on the status of the cuban crisis, telling the american people that soviet missile bases in cuba are being destroyed, on on november 2, 1962. Keywords: berlin crisis of 1961, us decision-making, john f kennedy introduction the efficiency of the us decision-making on the berlin crisis of 1961 is still a. Page from president kennedy's official schedule for october 16, 1962 map of the western hemisphere showing the full range of the nuclear missiles under construction in cuba, used during the secret meetings on the cuban crisis. On october 22, 1962, president john f kennedy informed the world that the soviet union was building secret missile bases on the island of cuba, 90 miles off the shores of florida.
Harvard kennedy school’s belfer center has created this site as a resource for the cuban missile crisis designed to help policymakers, students, and interested citizens draw lessons from these critical events half a century ago, this site not only provides background on the crisis that brought the world to the brink of nuclear disaster in october 1962 but also offers tools to understand how. John fitzgerald kennedy president kennedy to chairman khrushchev, october 27, 1962 [reply to chairman khrushchev's first letter of october 26] i have read your letter of october 26th with great care and welcomed the statement of your desire to seek a prompt solution to the problem. - present day cuban missile crisis on the morning of october 16, 1962, president john f kennedy received confirmation that russia has placed missiles and atomic weapons on the island of cuba the ensuing 13 days would become an extremely intense and dangerous period for the american people. In a tv address on october 22, 1962, president john kennedy (1917-63) notified americans about the presence of the missiles, explained his decision to enact a naval blockade around cuba and made.