A description of the causes of non-communicable diseases including a list of examples specifically highlights asthma and heart disease as examples of non-communicable diseases. A number of environmental factors influence the spread of communicable diseases that are prone to cause epidemics the most important of these are: water supply sanitation facilities food climate a lack of safe water, inadequate excreta disposal facilities, poor hygiene, poor living conditions and. Common causes of infectious diseases = most common please note this is not an exhaustive list and does not include all possible etiologies for a particular disease central nervous system infections acute bacterial meningitis neonates (0-2 weeks old.
The danger of communicable diseases has increased a lot know more about the types, causes, symptoms, prevention & treatment of communicable diseases with list of communicable diseases definition of communicable disease states that any infectious disease which gets transmitted from one person to another through direct. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the pacific, often occurring at rates twice that of more traditional communicable diseases existing risk factors suggest that ncds will be a major health challenge for the pacific in coming years. Communicable diseases i global epidemiology of communicable diseases leading causes of death millennium development goals (mdgs) communicable diseases a communicable disease is an illness due to a specific infectious (biological) agent or its toxic.
Non-communicable diseases (ncds) are the leading causes of death and disability globally, killing more than three in five people worldwide and responsible for more than half of the global burden. Communicable diseases: prevention and control communicable diseases are those diseases that may be transmitted from person to person, food, water and/or animals and are the most common cause of school absenteeism. This sequence introduces students to medical microbiology, infectious diseases, and antimicrobial therapy, and focuses on pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of various infectious diseases.
The disease burden is high in india, for obvious reasons like poor sanitation, lack of access to fresh water, poor hygiene, etc, which are common in the most developing countries though exact dependable statistics are not available, a good percentage of cases go unreported. Non-communicable disease non-infectious are non-communicable diseases and caused by a variety of reasons some of the reasons for the non-infectious disease are genetics, nutritional deficiency, age and sex of the individual and so on examples include cancer, diabetes, and hypertension. Communicable diseases refer to diseases that can be transmitted and make people ill they are caused by infective agents (pathogens), eg bacteria and viruses, which invade the body and multiply or release toxins to cause damages to normal body cells and their functions in severe cases, they may lead to death. Preventable communicable, or infectious, diseases like malaria and hiv/aids account for millions of deaths in the world each year, especially in low-income countries noncommunicable, or chronic, diseases like heart disease and diabetes are having an increasing effect across the globe. What is a communicable disease a communicable disease is one that is spread from one person to another through a variety of ways that include: contact with blood and bodily fluids breathing in an airborne virus or by being bitten by an insect.
Six factors are involved in the transmission of communicable diseases: the infectious agent, the reservoir, route of exit, mode of transmission, route of entry, and the susceptible host a reservoir is a human, another animal, or a non-living thing (such as soil), where the infectious agent normally lives. Non-communicable diseases (ncds) cause 63 percent of all cases of death in the world in india, heart attacks, diabetes and cancer are increasing within the wealthy and poor communities in india, diabetes, heart attacks and cancer are on the rise across all strata of society. Non communicable diseases diseases, whether communicable and non communicable diseases are a threat to your body so let us first understand what is communicable and non communicable diseases are communicable diseases are the one which spreads through pathogens from one person to another. M1 explain reasons for communicable diseases p2 describe the impact of communicable diseases on the world [ie3] p3 explain factors that affect the transmission of communicable diseases [ie1 ct2 ] m2 discuss factors that affect the transmission of two communicable diseases. Although communicable diseases are major causes of mortality and morbidity in the country, ncds represent a fairly large share of the burden of disease among nigerians, representing 47 percent of total mortality in 2011 half of the deaths are due to cvds, a quarter due to cancers, and about a tenth due to respiratory diseases.
Non-communicable diseases cause 61% of deaths in india: who report sushmi dey the list includes heart disorders, cancer and diabetes, according to new data released by the world health. Theworldcounts, 10 may, 2015 the deteriorating health of our population (the rise in ncd) ncds or non-communicable diseases are those conditions that are usually not passed on from one affected person to others, but are caused as a direct result of lifestyle and environmental factors. M1 - reasons for communicable disease reasons for communicable diseases when someone contracts a communicable disease, it can spread very quickly to other people around then if precautions aren’t put into place in order to protect you and the people around you. Previous studies show that ncds can impose larger costs than most communicable diseases in the pacific an earlier study found that one out of every 10 patients admitted to hospital in tonga were.
Infectious disease may be an unavoidable fact of life, but there are many strategies available to help us protect ourselves from infection and to treat a disease once it has developed some are simple steps that individuals can take others are national or global methods of detection, prevention, and treatment. Factors in the emergence of infectious diseases stephen s morse, phd the rockefeller university, new york, newyork, usa “emerging” infectious diseases can be defined as infections that have newly. Infectious disease, also known as transmissible disease or communicable disease, is illness resulting from an infection infections are caused by infectious agents including viruses , viroids , prions , bacteria , nematodes such as parasitic roundworms and pinworms , arthropods such as ticks , mites , fleas , and lice , fungi such as ringworm.